In India, Bharat Biotech’s Covaxin and Zydus Cadila’s ZyCoV-D vaccines have been approved by the Drug Controller General of India to protect children from corona Virus disease. However, it is important for parents to be aware of the vaccines that are given to children.
Let’s find out now about the covid vaccine for children.
Which vaccines got approval against corona?
Two vaccines against corona are approved for children.
1) Covaxin of Bharat Biotech
2) ZyCoV-D of Zydus cadila
Covaxin Vaccine of Bharat Biotech
Covaxin is a vaccine developed by Bharat Biotech in association with the Indian Council of Medical Research and the National Institute of Virology.
How does the covaxin vaccine work?
Pediatric Covaxin is a type of inactivated covid vaccine for children that is made from a dead virus and therefore cannot spread the infection. After being vaccinated with the covaxin vaccine, the body’s immune system recognizes the virus, and even if the virus is dead, the vaccine boosts the body’s immune system against the virus.
At what age pediatric covaxin vaccine is given ?
Pediatric covaxin will be given to boys and girls in the age group of 2 to 18 years.
How pediatric covaxin is given?
Pediatric covaxin is injected into a deltoid muscle.
How many doses of pediatric covaxin should be given?
Two doses of pediatric covaxin should be taken And the minimum interval between the two doses is 20 days.
At what temperature pediatric covaxin is stored?
Pediatric covaxin is stored at 2 to 8 C.
Covaxin is the first vaccine to be used in children under 12 years of age. The vaccine has been trial in 3 different age groups. The covaxin vaccine has been tested in children between the ages of 2 and 6, 6 to 12 years, and 12 to 18 years. The vaccine is also expected to be approved by the World Health Organization in October.
ZyCoV-D of Zydus cadila
ZyCoV-D is a covid vaccine for children made by the company Zydus cadila. ZyCoV-D is the world’s first DNA vaccine to be used against corona. The Zycov D Vaccine is the first vaccine to be given in India between the ages of 12 and 17 years.
How does the ZyCoV-D vaccine work?
ZyCoV-D is type of plasmid DNA vaccine. When the vaccine is given, the vaccine produces spike proteins containing the corona virus, so the body’s immune system recognizes that protein, boosts the body’s immune system and protects against corona virus disease.
At what age ZyCoV-D vaccine is given?
ZyCoV-D is given to boys and girls in the age group of 12 to 17 years.
How ZyCoV-D vaccine is given?
ZyCoV-D is the first vaccine against corona in India to be given without a needle. This vaccine is given without a needle according to the PharmaJet system. The vaccine is given intradermally.
How many doses of ZyCoV-D vaccine should be given?
3 doses of ZyCoV-D have to be given and each dose is given at intervals of 4 weeks i.e. vaccinated on 0th day, 28th day, 56th day. Vaccine is given on both deltoid at same time with the help of a applicator and pharmajet system.
At what temperature is the ZyCoV-D vaccine stored?
ZyCoV-D vaccine is stored at 2 to 8 C temperature.
Although the ZyCoV-D vaccine is a non-needle vaccine, the gun used to administer it is very expensive and is to be imported. Zydus Cadila will supply applicator for the gun. Vaccines administered by the PharmaJet system relieve the discomfort caused by the needle prick.
What are the possible side effects of Covaxin and ZyCoV-D vaccines?
The vaccines cause side effects such as headaches, fever, and pain or swelling at the site of injection. If the boy or girl has a fever, syrup paracetamol should be given at the dose of 15 mg per kg. These side effects subside in 1 to 2 days.
Which vaccine (Covaxin or ZyCoV-D) should be given to children?
At present, only children under the age of 18 are deprived of the vaccine. Therefore, it is better to get the vaccine which is available in your area.
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